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The Most District

 

 
 

The Most DistrictThe Most District is surrounded by the Krusne Mountains, on the southwest the Czech Highlands and the Zatec Plateau. The coal bed lying under the town of Most had an indirect impact on the scenery of this area. The history of cities and municipalities of the Most District is extremely rich, it dates back to the 11th and 12th centuries. The mining of raw materials and brown coal started to develop in this area as early as the 15th century. Only the coal mining industry survived and acquired a dominant position for a long period of time. Even the unique architectonic sight - the Dean's Church of the Assumption. This church was protected by people living in this area from being swallowed by the expanding coal-mining area by a unique method of transfer - it was literally transferred, centimetre by centimentre, by several hundred metres further to be seated again in the new place where it stands now. Most became the royal town in 1248. However, the same town does not exist any more today; in the second half of the 20th century it was swept away by coal mining. Thus the new town of Most was erected only a couple of hundreds of metres farther. Its appearance corresponds to the architecture of the time when it was growing and developing - plain cement and high rises. At least the Plague Column of the St. Anna, preserved from the original town of Most tries to hide the absence of its former charming historical centre.

Hnevin Hill with castle of the same name, built by King Wenceslas in the 13th century and the reconstruction of which was completed in 2002, is now the dominating feature of the town. Surprisingly, Hnevin seems to be a charming place tempting its visitors to experience walks and magnificent views of the scenery around. On reclaimed areas where coal was mined several decades ago there is a beautiful dam, Benedict, a hippodrome or vineyards in Chramce. Chateau Jezeri, towering over the mined area, is also worth visiting just like the nature reserves of Pisecny vrch (Sand Hill) and Mila, where - if you are lucky - you can meet a herd of mouflons.The Church of St. Archangel Michael in the Baroque style, also belongs to Litvinov, the town where the petrochemical industry was located, as well as the architectonic rarity Koldum, the house of congregate living. Today the town, which lives predominantly with hockey, is literally a nursery of talents.

 
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Created / changed: 9.10.2008 / 9.10.2008

 

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